Centrifugal switches have a wide range of applications. If you are planning to buy one, then you should equip yourself with adequate information about them. In this guide, we are going to guide you on everything that you should know about the centrifugal switch. You will learn how to buy, handle and even use a centrifugal switch.
- 1 What is a centrifugal switch?
- 2 Components of a centrifugal switch
- 3 History of centrifugal switch
- 4 How does a centrifugal switch work?
- 5 Centrifugal switch work principle
- 6 Centrifugal switch in induction motors
- 7 How to test a centrifugal switch?
- 8 How to replace a centrifugal switch?
- 9 Applications of centrifugal switch
- 10 How do you adjust a centrifugal switch?
- 11 How to buy a centrifugal switch
- 12 Conclusion
What is a centrifugal switch?
A Centrifugal switch is an electronic device that is used to control the flow of electric current. It is a type of electrical switch that uses centrifugal force to open or close an electrical circuit. The switch is activated when it rotates at high speed.
The switch is made of ferrous alloy and plastic. It usually comes with a base but it can also be attached to any surface using the provided adhesive strip.
A centrifugal switch is commonly referred to as a clutch. This is because the switch is mounted on the axle of a rotating object. The switch can be used to power or stop any device with an electric motor. For instance, it is suitable for controlling robotic speed and direction.
Components of a centrifugal switch
Centrifugal switch has a lot of different components which help to control the speed and rotation of a machine. These parts work together to ensure that the machine operates smoothly without any faults or accidents.
-Blades: The blades are semicircular metal bars that rotate inside the outer casing at high speeds. When the gap between them is adjusted correctly, they form a V-shape.
-Spring: This is a metal strip that sits between the blades and forces them apart when they are touching each other.
-Adjusting nuts: These hold the blades together in place. If there is too much space between them, then this part has to be tightened. However, if they are too close together, then the nuts have to be loosened.
-Outer casing: This is the metal housing that protects all the internal components from damage or wear and tear.
-Inner casing: This is the metal tube that contains the blades and spring.
Centrifugal switch has different parts which work together to control the speed and rotation of a machine. The blades, springs, and nuts all help to ensure that the machine operates efficiently.
History of centrifugal switch
Centrifugal switch has been used extensively in heavy machinery for the last 90 years. Before it was invented, this task was performed manually by members of staff on rotating machines. By using a centrifugal switch, this task is done more accurately and promptly.
Centrifugal switches are the most commonly used control devices for operating heavy machinery. This is because they can be more accurate than other types of switches while also being easier to install.
How does a centrifugal switch work?
When the centrifugal switch is attached to an object that has a motor function, it activates when the speed goes high.
This is because it contains two metal balls that are held under pressure by magnetic force. The pressure becomes intense at high speed and this force overcomes the magnetic attraction and pushes the balls out of the casing.
This action opens the switch and allows the current to flow. When the motor slows down, the balls fall back into place and close the switch, stopping the flow of current.
Centrifugal switch work principle
The working mechanism of the centrifugal switch is based on the centrifugal force.
A centrifugal force is a force that appears when an object moves in a circular path and is directed away from the center of rotation. When an object rotates, all objects on it experience centripetal acceleration.
The Centrifugal switch uses this momentum to open and close the circuit.
Centrifugal switch in induction motors
In induction motors, the centrifugal switch is used to stop the rotor from spinning when a fuse blows or a power supply goes. It operates by cutting one of the three phases in the circuit at high speed.
The operating principles for this type of switch are very similar to that of a direct current motor. The only difference is that induction motors use a three-phase power supply while direct current motors use a single-phase power supply.
When the motor reaches a certain speed, the centrifugal switch will cut one of the three phases and stop the motor. In doing so, it completely disconnects the auxiliary winding. This winding is responsible for supplying power to the rotor winding.
They also offer practically no resistance when they are turning on or turning off. This ensures that there is no fluctuation in the current and that the motor runs at a constant speed.
So, centrifugal switches are ideal for use in induction motors. They provide a safe and reliable way to control the speed and torque of the motor. They are also easy to operate and maintain.
How to test a centrifugal switch?
The testing process is vital as it ensures that the centrifugal switch is in perfect condition to operate efficiently. A faulty switch can cause extensive damage to the motors and other electrical devices.
Testing the centrifugal switch does not require much equipment. There are some tools required but they are readily available in any hardware store. You can use a wire or an alligator clip for testing the device.
To test a centrifugal switch, you need a multimeter. The multimeter is set to resistance mode and the probes are attached to the two terminals of the switch. A multimeter will be required to verify that the wires are connected correctly and there is no short circuit.
A continuity tester should also be used to make sure that the switch is working properly.
After verifying the connectivity, reattach the cover of the motor and test it by turning it on. If there is no power, then recheck the connections and make sure everything is in order.
The resistance should be infinite when the switch is open and it should be zero when it.s closed. If the reading is not as specified, then the centrifugal switch needs to be replaced.
How to replace a centrifugal switch?
Replacing a centrifugal switch is a simple task that can be done by anyone. The switch is a very common component and it can be found in any hardware store.
The procedure for replacing the centrifugal switch is as follows:
-Before starting work, make sure that you have disconnected all power supplies to the device. This will prevent injuries or accidents caused by electricity. Use a multimeter to check if there is any current being supplied to the motor before disconnecting it.
-Disconnect wires from the old switch and remove the entire assembly.
-Install the new switch and connect the wires according to the diagram provided. Make sure that there is no short circuit and the connections are tight.
-Reconnect the power supply and test the motor. If it works, then congratulations, you have successfully replaced the centrifugal switch.
If you are not comfortable with replacing the switch, then you can always take it to a professional. They will be able to do it in a safe and timely manner.
Applications of centrifugal switch
Centrifugal switch is a vital part of an induction motor. It can be used in almost any equipment that requires a heavy-duty rotary motion.
Industrial machines that need to rotate at high speeds often use this type of switch. Centrifugal switches are also widely used in elevators and escalators where they control the speed and torque of the motor.
Centrifugal switch is also often used in the aviation and automobile industry to control rotational speed and direction.
-Aerospace: The centrifugal switch is essential equipment in aircraft because it allows pilots to control the thrust of the engine while flying. It provides a way to descend, maintain altitude and increase speed. The switch can also be used to rotate the engine in any direction.
-Automobile industry: Centrifugal switch is most commonly found in cars for automatic gear shifting. It is used to detect the speed of the car and change gears accordingly. If there is a problem with this component, then it can cause accidents or loss of control.
-Heavy machinery: Centrifugal switch is used extensively in heavy machinery for safety and efficiency. It allows operators to control the speed and direction of the machines without having to worry about sudden changes or accidents.
-Elevators and escalators: These devices use the centrifugal switch to control the speed and torque of the motors. It prevents accidents and provides smooth operation.
-Pumps: A centrifugal switch installed in a pump can increase its efficiency by 40%. The speed of the pump will be monitored at all times by the switch so that it does not operate beyond its optimum speed. This will save valuable energy and reduce power consumption.
The centrifugal switch is used in all kinds of machinery to make them safer and more efficient. It can be found everywhere from homes to offices and factories. The switch is also used frequently in pumps, airplanes, and automobiles. It has many different applications that are vital for everyday life.
How do you adjust a centrifugal switch?
Sometimes centrifugal switches may need to be adjusted depending on the machine being used. For example, if you are using the pump continuously, the switch might have to be adjusted because it is causing it to stop at frequent intervals.
The process of adjusting the switch is simple. There are two screws that you can use to adjust the gap between the blades. When doing this, make sure that you do not tighten or loosen any of the screws too much as this might cause the switch to become faulty.
The gap between the blades can be adjusted until they are just touching each other. If you put them too close together, then your pump will stop working frequently because there is no room for any water to pass through. If you put them too far apart, then the pump will not work at all because the gap is too big.
Adjusting the centrifugal switch is often necessary when using heavy machinery continuously for long periods. However, this should be carried out only by experienced professionals. If done incorrectly, it can cause accidents.
How to buy a centrifugal switch
There are several factors to consider when buying a centrifugal switch. Let’s look at some of them.
-Wattage: It is important to buy a switch that has high wattage because the higher the greater the rotational speed of the blades. If you select a lower wattage, then it will not be able to rotate high-speed machinery properly which could cause accidents.
-Surface mount or solder terminal connections: You must consider whether you want a surface mount switch or a different one. If you do not know what these are, then simply choose the cheapest option which almost always uses solder terminals.
-Terminals: There are two basic types of connections for centrifugal switches which you must know before buying them. Separate lead and lug connections require more wiring but they also allow you to change the switch if it needs to be replaced.
-Mounting: You must also think about the mounting before you make your purchase. Some switches come with a bracket for easy installation while others do not. If you are not sure, then ask the seller before buying it.
-Price: centrifugal switches vary in price depending on the type and quality. As a rule of thumb, the more expensive it is the better it will be, but there are always exceptions to this rule.
When purchasing a centrifugal switch, you must think about all these factors and how they affect your machine and its performance. Only then can you make the right choice for your heavy machinery.
Centrifugal switch is an important part of heavy machinery, which ensures that it operates smoothly at all times without breaking down. It saves energy by reducing power consumption and increases the safety of machines by making them more efficient.
Luckily the centrifugal switch comes in many different forms to suit any machine. You can use it for pumps, airplanes, cars, and almost any other machine you can think of.
If you are planning to buy a quality centrifugal switch, consider choosing ICRFQ. We are a reliable sourcing agent for the centrifugal switch in China. We stock a wide range of switches you can buy any to suit your heavy machinery.
Contact ICRFQ anytime on our e-mail or phone number. We will be glad to help you find the best centrifugal switch for your machine.