If you’re looking to take your home electronics project from good to great, you’ve probably realized that many universal connections are missing from your arsenal. Maybe you’ve just moved into an old house, or maybe you’re just getting started building your first home theater system. Either way, wiring a UK plug can be a scary prospect, especially if you have never had a deep interaction with one. Fortunately, it’s not hard to do, and you’ll be successful once you follow our guide. We will discuss all the essentials of wiring a UK plug.
What is a UK plug?
A UK plug is a specific kind of electrical plug and socket configuration that is very common in the United Kingdom, as well as in various other countries around the world. It’s also known as a BS 1363 plug, which refers to the British Standard for plugs and sockets.
This standard was created in 1947 by the British Standards Institution (BSI). The current form of this standard was released in 1990 and has remained mostly unchanged since then. In fact, it has been updated to include more modern technologies such as USB ports and mobile phone charging.
It’s important to know that this standard is actually used throughout many parts of Asia and Africa, but they are not all necessarily considered UK plugs. The reason for this distinction is that many related standards have been developed over time with slightly different configurations.
What is a UK standard plug?
A UK standard plug is a plug that conforms to the BS 1363 standard. This means that it has three pins and that it is rated to handle at least 10 amps of current and 230V.
These plugs are very common throughout the United Kingdom, but they can also be found in other countries around the world. They are sometimes used in conjunction with a UK standard socket, which is essentially just a box with holes in it for the prongs of the plug to fit into.
What does a UK standard plug look like?
Image credit: wikihow.com
A UK standard plug has three pins. The outer two are for the electricity, and can only be inserted into what’s called a “ground pin” socket. The middle pin is for the earth terminal, which is essentially just an electrical connection between two points on a circuit board or in a device.
What does a UK standard socket look like?
A UK standard socket looks very similar to the plug, but it just has holes for the prongs to fit into. The box is usually color-coded to show which type of plug should be used with it. In most cases, sockets that are rated for 230 volts will have red coloring while sockets that are rated for 110 volts will have a blue coloring.
How do you use a UK standard plug?
To use a UK standard plug, you simply place it into your outlet and then insert your device’s power cord into the back of the outlet or directly into the wall if there is no outlet available. You then turn on your device and it will begin to draw power from the wall outlet through its power cord.
What are some common uses for UK standard plugs and sockets?
UK standard plugs can be used in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Hong Kong, and Singapore. They are also used in some parts of Africa and South America.
Parts of a UK plug
Before you proceed with the wiring, you should know the key parts of a UK plug. The main parts include;
-Live pin: This is the pin that is connected to the mains. It is usually a green wire.
– Earth pin: This is the pin that is connected to the ground. It will most likely be a green wire.
– Neutral pin: This is the pin that connects to the live and earth pins. It will most likely be a black wire.
– Grip: The part of the plug that you can hold on to when you’re trying to insert it into an outlet or when you’re trying to pull it out of one.
-Fuse: This is a small part that protects the electrical system in case of any faults. It will be located near the grip.
Tools needed for wiring a UK plug
Here are the essential tools that you will need to wire a UK plug.
-Flat bladed screwdriver;
-the UK plug wiring diagram
-Wire stripper or scissors.
Wire A UK Plug Procedures
Image Credit: wikihow.com
Now let’s look at the steps to follow when wiring a UK plug.
Step 1: Remove the sheath of the power cord
Start off by stripping at least 2.00cm inches outer sheath of the power cord. While doing so, ensure that you don’t damage the inner insulation of the individual wires.
Nose snips may be better when it comes to handling the outer sheath. You should also be careful not to cut right through the power cord when you are removing the outer insulation of the power cord.
Step 2: Shorten the live wire
As we have already mentioned, one of the wires in a UK plug is a live wire. The next step is to shorten it. In most UK plugs, you can identify this wire by its brown color.
To shorten the live wire, use a pair of pliers to grasp the wire and pull it out of the insulation.
Step 3: Remove the insulation on the inner core
Now that you are done with the outside, it is time to work on the inner cables or cores.
First, you need to remove the insulation from the individual wires. To do this, use a pair of pliers and grasp the wire and pull it out of the insulation. While doing so, you need to be careful with the measurements. This is because only a particular length of the inner cores should be exposed.
Strip just half the inch of the insulation or 10mm. However, you should not use extreme force not to cut or break the copper strands. Again, a snip will be an ideal tool for this job.
Step 4: Twist the cable strands
Now that you have the inner core, you can start twisting the cable strands. For a better grip, you can use a pair of pliers.
Twist it continuously until the wire is twisted into a tight coil.
Now that your cable is ready, it is time to join them together. To do this, use your finger to hold the wires and join them together using any method that you prefer.
In this case, I used electrical tape to hold them together. You can also use any other method like rubber bands or anything else that will help you to make a tight coil.
After you are done twisting and joining the wires together, cut off all unnecessary parts of the inner core in order to make it smaller for better fitting in your power cord. Finally, attach all three wires to one end of the power cord.
Step 5: Loosen the screws on the cable grip
Now that your power cord is ready, it is time to attach it to your power adapter.
Using the screwdriver, loosen the screws holding the cable grip in place. The screws may be too tight so you may have to use a pair of pliers to loosen them up a bit.
After you loosen them up, pull out the cable grip and insert your power cord into it.
Step 6: Connect the wires to their terminals
Connect the Live (black/brown) Neutral(blue) Earth(green/yellow) wires to their respective terminals.
As we mentioned, UK plugs have three pins and each pin represents a terminal. The Live terminal is the one that is on top of the power adapter.
To connect them, you will have to put a wire through a hole in the terminal and then connect it to the Live terminal using a wire nut.
For example, if you have a UK plug with a live pin being blue, connect the black wire to this pin and then put it through the hole in the terminal and connect it to the Live terminal using a wire nut.
After that, do exactly the same thing for Neutral and Earth wires.
Once you are done connecting them, screw down all three wires into their corresponding terminals in your power adapter. Then tighten down all three screws on your cable grip until they are snugly screwed-in place.
Step7: Tighten the cable grip and replace the cover
Finally, screw down the cable grip into place and replace the cover.
If you are using a surge protector, plug in your power cord.
Then, turn on your surge protector and check if all lights are lit up. If not, plug in your extension cord or electrical cords for other devices in that room.
If everything is working fine then you can disconnect it from the power source and give it a test run!
And that is how to wire a UK plug! Follow the steps above and everything will end up perfectly. And in case you need help, contact a professional electrician.
In case you want to buy UK plugs in China, let ICRFQ be your sourcing partner. As a reliable sourcing agent, we will source the right plugs for you and ensure that is safely delivered.
If you want to find more Electronic Components Distributors, please check out the following articles: