A latching relay is a device that helps in switching ON and OFF the circuit, depending on the input signal. It has two states i.e. open circuit state and closed-circuit state.
If you are keen to know more about it, then the article will tell you everything you need to know about latching relay.
- 1 What is a latching relay?
- 2 What does a latching relay look like?
- 3 What are the components of a latching relay?
- 4 How does a latching relay work?
- 5 Types of latching relay
- 6 What is the difference between latching and non-latching relays?
- 7 Advantages of latching relays
- 8 What are the applications of latching relays?
- 9 How do you reset a latching relay?
- 10 How do you replace a latching relay?
- 11 Conclusion
What is a latching relay?
A latching relay is a control device that is used to control the circuit. It is a type of relay that has an internal mechanism that keeps the switch in an ON or OFF state after it has been activated.
It means that once the relay has been switched on, it will remain in an ON state until you flip the switch off again. Similarly, once it is switched off, it will remain in an OFF state until you flip the switch back on.
Basically, a latching relay is a type of relay that has two states i.e. ON and OFF.
A latching relay has three terminals i.e. common terminal, normally open terminal, and normally closed terminal, whereas a conventional relay has only two terminals i.e. common terminal and normally open terminal or normally closed terminal depending on the model of the relay.
What does a latching relay look like?
The latching relay is a little different from other relays. It has a separate lever for each contact and there are no coils to create the magnetic field.
The latching relay lever is connected to the contacts through a pivot and the contact is connected to the lever through a spring. All these parts are made of metal and they are placed in an enclosure that has a base, two arms, and two sides.
There’s also a switch that you can use to turn off power to your motor if you want.
What are the components of a latching relay?
A latching relay is made of the following components:
- Relay Contact
- Operating Lever
- Holding Magnet
Let’s look at the roles and functions of these components.
The coil is the heart of the latching relay. It is a type of inductor that is made of a coil of wire wrapped around an iron core.
The wire that is used to make the coil can be copper or aluminum (but not both). The wire can be solid or stranded and it can be insulated or uninsulated.
Coils are available in different shapes and sizes. For example, they can be round, rectangular, square, or D shaped, etc. The size of a coil depends on its amperage rating and voltage rating.
The relay contact is a switch that makes or breaks an electrical connection. It is made of two electrically conductive pieces called ‘contacts’ that are separated by a small gap.
When the relay coil receives current, the magnetic field pulls one of the contacts towards the other contact, thereby closing the circuit and making an electrical connection. A solenoid is another example of a relay contact.
The operating lever is a mechanical part that moves in response to external force or signal. The operating lever works in conjunction with the latch to control how long or for how long (or how many times) current flows through the coil, thereby controlling how long or for how long (or how many times) one circuit is on or off.
The latch is a mechanical part that locks and unlocks the relay contact to make or break an electrical connection. It is made of two electrically conductive pieces called ‘levers’ that are separated by a small gap.
When the latch receives current, the magnetic field pulls one of the levers towards the other, thereby closing the circuit and making an electrical connection.
The holding magnet is a magnetic part that holds the relay contact closed. It is made of two electrically conductive pieces called ‘levers’ that are separated by a small gap.
When the holding magnet receives current, the magnetic field pulls one of the levers towards the other, thereby closing the circuit and making an electrical connection.
How does a latching relay work?
Now that you know the basics of the latching relay, let’s have a look at the latching relay working principle.
Here’s how a latching relay works:
The latching relay has two sets of contacts, one for the “on” state and one for the “off” state. The contact that closes in response to the on-state is called the “set” contact. The contact that opens in response to the off-state is called the “reset” contact.
When a motor starts up, it pulls current through its coils and energizes one of its latching relays’ set contacts. As this happens, a magnetic field is created around this contact. This field causes a moving magnet on the relay’s holding magnet to push against one of its levers and close the circuit between this set contact and ground (or another latching relay). The closing of this circuit completes a circuit between the motor and the relay, turning the relay on.
When the motor stops, its current stops flowing, the magnetic field is gone, and the set contact loses its magnetic attraction to its holding magnet. The holding magnet then pulls away from one of its levers and opens a circuit between this set contact and the ground. This completes a circuit that turns off the relay’s power to the motor.
In essence, a latching relay turns on and off as long as it receives power from either of two sources – one which is connected to the ground (or another latching relay) or one which is connected to an electrical load such as a motor. When it receives power from these two sources at once, it will remain on until it loses power from one of these sources.
When you want to control power to a motor, you’ll need to connect it to a latching relay. When you want to turn off the power, you’ll need another latching relay connected in series with the first. This will allow the first relay’s power to flow through the second, turning it off.
Types of latching relay
We have different types of latching relays in the market. They are mainly defined based on their modes of operations. The two main types are magnetic latching relays and mechanical latching relays.
Magnetic latching relay
A magnetic latching relay consists of a coil of wire wound around a core and moves when power is applied to it. When power is removed from the coil, it returns back to its original position. This type of relay is used in applications where a short circuit is not possible or considered dangerous. For example, this type of relay is used in mains-operated lighting systems and in battery-powered equipment that switches off automatically when the battery voltage drops below a certain level.
Mechanical latching relays
A mechanical latching relay consists of two plates that are held apart by springs or other means. When power is applied to the latching relay, one plate moves towards the other plate until they touch each other, closing the circuit.
When power is removed, the spring returns it to its original position. This type of relay is used in applications where a short circuit is possible or considered safe.
For example, this type of relay is used in mains-operated lighting systems and in battery-powered equipment that switches off automatically when the battery voltage drops below a certain level.
This is another type of relay that is used in applications where a short circuit is not possible or considered dangerous. The relay consists of a set of three or more coils arranged in a specific sequence.
When power is applied to the relay, the coils are energized in an order that depends on the input signal. The coils are then de-energized so they can be used again to energize other coils in the next set. This process is repeated until all coils have been energized and de-energized.
Hybrid latching relays
A hybrid relay consists of two mechanical parts with electromagnetically operated contacts. The electromagnetically operated part of the relay switches between mechanical contact positions depending on the input signal, and this switch is controlled by the mechanical part of the relay.
What is the difference between latching and non-latching relays?
Relays come in two forms, some are latching while others are non-latching. What is the difference between the two?
The term ‘latching’ is used to describe relays that maintain the desired state after power has been applied. The term ‘non-latching’ is used to describe relays that do not maintain the desired state after power has been applied.
This means that a latching relay does not need to be reset manually, and there is no chance of accidentally switching them off when they are not needed. On the other hand, a non-latching relay needs to be reset manually, and there is a possibility of accidentally switching them off when they are not needed.
Advantages of latching relays
Some benefits of latching relays include;
-It saves the conductors:
Because the relay is latching, it does not need to be reset. This saves the conductor in the device that needs to be controlled by a relay.
-A latching relay can be used without a load:
A latching relay can be used without needing to have any additional load connected. This means that if there is no load connected, the relay will not operate and therefore save power.
-It does not need maintenance:
Because a latching relay does not need to be reset for each use, there are no maintenance costs or time needed for cleaning and lubrication of the mechanical parts on the relays.
-It may also be more reliable:
Latching relays have a longer life expectancy than non-latching relays because they have an additional mechanism that protects them against accidental switching off. This means that the latching relay has a significantly longer life expectancy than non-latching relays do.
Because the relay is not powered when it is not needed, it does not need an energy source to operate. This reduces the energy consumption of a circuit by a significant amount.
-It is safer:
A latching relay has a mechanical system that protects it against accidental switching off, so there are no chances of accidentally tripping the relay when touching the terminals. Additionally, this mechanism makes the relay more robust, meaning that it will withstand mechanical shocks and vibrations better than non-latching relays do.
What are the applications of latching relays?
Latching relays are used for applications that require guaranteed switching of the circuit, as well as applications where a relay is needed to maintain a certain state.
Some of the devices that have latching relays include;
-Electrical switches (such as light switches or doorbells)
How do you reset a latching relay?
To reset a latching relay, you can either use the mechanical system of the relay or use a digital signal to reset the relay.
The mechanical system is used in some relays that have an internal mechanism that allows the relay to be reset. The way this works is by adjusting a screw in the mechanism, which will then release the spring and allow it to return to its normal state.
You can also use an actuator to reset the relay, which is a digital signal that resets the relay.
How do you replace a latching relay?
To replace a latching relay, you must first remove the old one, then place the new one in its place.
To remove a latching relay, you must first remove the electrical connection to it.
In some cases, you might need to use a tool to remove the screw that connects the two halves of the relay. After removing this screw, you can then separate both halves of the switch.
After separating both halves of your switch, it will become easier to take out your old part and replace it with your new one.
I hope you have learned vital lessons about latching relays, what they do and how they work. In case you would like to buy latching relays in China, let us help you. At ICRFQ, we are a reputable sourcing agent for latching relays for sale in China.
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