According to sources, the first toroid inductor was designed by a physicist known as Michael Faraday in the early 1830s. Faraday observed that a change in the magnetic field can generate a voltage in a wire that is close to the magnetic field, and called it the Faraday’s Law of Induction. Since then, many people have improved the concept to what it is today.
The application of toroid inductors is very popular in many industries thanks to its numerous characteristics. Toroid inductors are very versatile and can be used in many forms, such as common-mode and coil inductors.
Are you a beginner in toroid inductors and want to access some detailed information about toroid inductors? You are in the right place. This post will give you everything you need to know about toroid inductors. Here is a quick preview of what you will learn about these inductors.
What Is a Toroid Inductor?
A toroid inductor is an insulated coil that is twisted using a wire. This inductor is used in many electronic circuits that require a large number of inductances to perform various functions. Toroid inductors are made of different elements, including ferrite, laminated iron, iron dust cores, among others. Such elements are considered to be strong insulators. A toroid inductor requires a strong insulator to increase the resistance of impact.
Accordingly, toroid inductors can be described as passive electronic elements made of a circular ring, mainly a magnetic core of a ferromagnetic material wound using a wire. Some of the ferromagnetic materials that can be used to make a toroid inductor include ferrite, nickel, silicon steel, iron powder, and laminated iron. The ring shape helps to keep the magnetic flux that escapes outside the core at a minimum. This aspect makes the toroid inductor more efficient in its applications.
Toroid inductors are primarily used to achieve energy efficiency when low-frequency electronics require inductance. Toroid inductors have many applications in different industries. This aspect will be discussed in other sections.
How Does a Toroid Inductor Work?
A toroid inductor works like any other inductor used to boost frequencies to the required levels. An inductor is any passive electronic component used to store energy in the form of a magnetic field. A toroid inductor turns to induce a higher frequency. These inductors are more efficient and economical to use compared to solenoids.
Current passes through the toroid inductor to produce a magnetic field around it. The strength of the magnetic field produced depends on the value of the current. The flux of the magnetic field also depends on the number of turns perpendicular to the direction of the current. The magnetic flux changes at the same rate as the change in current passing through the inductor. Since the flux links to the coil, it induces electromotive force within the coil in an opposite direction applied voltage.
Toroid inductors are mainly used in electronic circuits to ensure low frequencies while allowing for large inductances. Toroid inductors are unmatched in terms of inductance per turn and the amount of currents they can carry. Due to these reasons, toroid inductors are common in many industries, including telecommunication, aerospace, automotive, nuclear, and HVAC.
Since toroid inductors are used in many industries, toroid inductor manufacturers have to ensure they make different types of toroid inductors to suit every application.
What Are Different Types of Toroid Inductors?
Many types of toroid inductors are available in the market. These products are made depending on the required dimensions, inductance, current rating, and tolerance. Some of the most popular types of toroid inductors include:
- Standard toroid inductors
- SMD power toroid inductors
- High-temperature toroid inductors
- Coupled toroid inductors
- Common mode toroid inductors
Although there are many types of toroid inductors, they all serve the same purpose. The only notable difference is in their properties and average dimensions.
What Are the Properties of Toroid Inductors?
One of the most notable properties of a toroid inductor is the ability to generate high inductance. This factor is made possible due to the strong magnetic field in the inductor’s closed-loop core. Additionally, toroid inductors emit low electromagnetic interferences and can have very high Q factors and inductances compared to solenoid coils. Such properties are possible because toroid inductors only require a smaller number of turns due to a closed magnetic path provided by the core.
Large inductance is one of the critical properties of a toroid inductor. Large inductance is achieved due to a powerful magnetic field. Additionally, they have noise limitation properties since they do not have air gaps. Toroid inductors are also CD resistant. These properties ensure that toroid inductors are used in many industries, depending on the need and suitability.
What Are the Uses of a Toroid Inductor?
Now that you understand some of the basic concepts of a toroid inductor, here are some of its uses.
- Toroid inductors are used in many electronic devices, inverters, and amplifiers.
- Toroid inductors are also used in the telecommunication, aviation, automotive, nuclear field technology, and medical technology fields.
- Toroid inductors are also used in filtering noise in transformers and other power tools.
- Toroid inductors are used in handling electronic brake and control circuits.
Apart from this more apparent use, here are other crucial ways toroid inductors are used.
Toroid inductors are typically used when handling low-frequency electricity. Since they are inductors, they boost frequency to the required levels. In that case, they are very economical and efficient for inducing higher frequencies.
Other applications of toroid inductors include:
- EMI filters
- Musical instruments
In these industries, a toroid coil is used to direct and restrict the magnetic field. RC planes and medical gears that require constant, regulated energy flow to function optimally are fitted with toroid inductors. An RC plane requires electricity to function. However, the noise generated from electricity can cause major challenges between the plane and the controls. In this case, a toroid inductor is used to regulate the noise and reduce voltage spikes. This is made possible by fitting a ferrite coil to the plane.
Accordingly, an electric motor is more likely to generate spikes that make flying challenging. To alleviate such challenges, a ferrite toroid inductor is added to the motor to reduce noise and make flying more manageable.
Toroid inductors are also used in transformers. Toroid transformers are used to make many electronic devices, owing to the properties of a toroid inductor.
The magnetic core of any toroid inductor is made of materials such as nickel-iron, ferrites, and silicon steel. Toroid inductor manufacturers ensure that all inductors, small or big, are made for specific applications in different industries. Some are fitted in electronic devices and appliances people use in their day-to-day lives.
The science behind toroid inductors is mainly about the closed-loop core that generates a strong magnetic field. This aspect is the explanation for the higher inductance. The theory is that the magnetic field is generated inside the core. The toroid inductor generates very negligible amounts of electromagnetic interference. One of the many reasons why toroid inductors are widely used is that it helps businesses adhere to stringent international standards in various manufactured products.
How Can You Choose the Best Toroid Inductor?
There are different types of toroid inductors in the market. Each type is categorized depending on multiple factors and properties. All the properties named in the sections above can help you choose the best toroid inductor for your project. To be more precise, you need to look into the specific properties that make a toroid inductor suitable for various applications in different industries.
A toroid inductor is primarily designed to attain energy efficiency in systems and circuits with low frequencies and require inductances. Since a toroid inductor is made of an insulated coil wound with a wire to create a magnetic field, it offers more inductance needed to offer the required energy efficiency.
Here are some of the factors to consider when looking for the best toroid inductor for your applications.
As suggested above, toroid inductors are primarily grouped according to their properties that include:
- Case size and dimension
- Current rating
- Nominal inductance
- DC resistance
- Packaging type
The best toroid inductor is one that possesses properties that make it perfect for a given application. For instance, a buyer should consider tolerance, inductance, and current rating before buying a toroid inductor for any application. Accordingly, the dimension is essential because toroid inductors can only be used where the core size and shape fit the design. Toroid inductor material can also be a crucial aspect to consider. Lastly, it is essential to remember that more spherical cores offer the best performance.
Why Should You Choose a Toroid Inductor?
Many industries are currently relying on toroid inductors to meet strict international standards that require minimal electromagnetic fields in manufactured consumer goods. Many electronic devices are manufactured with a toroid inductor to limit the amount of magnetic field emissions that can have severe health consequences on consumers. To achieve this, manufacturers have to use the finest quality toroid materials coupled with top-rated designs and machinery. Safe designs are crucial in the current market, and this can only be achieved by using toroid inductors. Therefore, the need for toroid inductors goes beyond efficiency in offering inductance. If you are a manufacturer in any industry, you have to ensure you meet the minimum international standards by using a toroid inductor to reduce magnetic fields in your products.
What Are the Advantages of Toroid Inductors?
Toroid inductors are more compact than other types of inductors since they are designed using fewer materials. This aspect makes them more lightweight and perfectly suitable for power devices.
Toroid inductors have a closed-loop core that generates a higher magnetic field, resulting in higher inductance and Q factor compared to other inductors such as solenoids. This is especially made possible by the fact that a toroid inductor contains the magnetic field within the core. Therefore, the magnetic field from any end of the core finds a long way through the air to arrive at the other end of the core.
Additionally, the wire winding on a toroid inductor is typically shorter and closer to the magnetic field, which leads to lower secondary impedance. This is one of the factors that make a toroid inductor more efficient. It also reduces distortion and fringing.
Other Advantages of Toroid inductors
Toroid inductors are more efficient. Therefore, toroid inductor manufacturers can make different types, depending on the size they want, making them better than E-I transformers. This aspect is vital in manufacturing electronics and audio devices because the inductor is usually the largest component in the structure of the circuit. High efficiency is also an advantage in the manufacture of electronic devices. Since the inductor can operate at cooler temperatures than E-I transformers, it eliminates the need for a cooling system, such as a fan in sensitive devices.
What Are the Disadvantages of Toroid Inductors?
Toroid inductors are very economical and efficient to use in multiple industries and applications. However, this does not mean you can use it all the time. The inductor has its advantages and drawbacks that you should look into before opting for one. For instance, winding a toroid coil is more challenging compared to a solenoid. In this case, it is much easier to build a solenoid than a toroid inductor.
Toroid inductors are just like any other inductor, apart from high efficiency and performance. Many people are attracted to this technology because of this fact. That is why it is used in many applications across industries. Accordingly, toroid inductors do not have air gaps, making them quieter than other inductors. In conclusion, toroid inductors are more efficient than your typical inductor. They are also very versatile, with the ability to perform well in different industries, which explains their popularity in the market.
Lastly, if you need to purchase Toroid inductors, we at ICRFQ are the best electrical manufacturers in town. Contact us today.
If you want to find more Electronic Components Distributors, please check out the following articles: