Most electric installations, both domestic and industrial, have electric meters. These meters record the amount of electrical energy used by the user. The reading is then transmitted to a central computer operated by the electricity supplier and bills are generated accordingly.
If you want to know about electric meters, scroll down and we will dissect more about these devices.
- 1 What is an electric meter?
- 2 Electric meter types
- 3 Electric meter functionality
- 4 How does electric meter counter work?
- 5 Where can I install an electric meter?
- 6 Which electric meter is right for you?
- 7 Who owns an electric meter?
- 8 How is an electric meter installed?
- 9 Conclusion
What is an electric meter?
An electric meter is a device used to measure the amount of electric energy consumed by a user. It also measures the amount of electricity supplied to a building or an area.
Electric meters are usually located outside buildings or in an electricity sub-station. They are connected to the electric supply network through wires and cables.
Electric meters send information about the amount of electricity used by means of radio signals, pulses, or infrared light. The information is then recorded and processed centrally by computer systems and billing is done accordingly.
Electric meter types
There are various types of electric meters depending on their function and location in the electrical system. They include;-
These are meters that are found in most homes. They measure the energy used by the user and transmit data to a computer via wires.
Automated meter reading (AMR)
This is a type of meter that is used in homes and small businesses to read the electricity usage remotely. The AMR system is usually connected to a central computer through an internet connection.
These are also known as intelligent meters or two-way meters. They are meters that can communicate with users and vice versa. They can provide information about electricity use, supply, and even outage alerts. Smart meters are being introduced in some areas for billing purposes. They have additional features in the future such as remote disconnection of supply in case of nonpayment, load control, and remote switching of appliances.
These are the most common type of meters in the United Kingdom. They are used for billing purposes and can be read manually or automatically.
These are also known as smart meters. They can communicate through wireless or wired communication networks and have a microprocessor that can read data from the meter, which is then transmitted to a computer system.
Remote meter reading
This is a technique used by utility companies to measure energy consumption in homes. The homeowner connects a small device inside the home to measure power consumption at different times of day, week, or month.
This device measures power consumption using electricity and communicates with a central computer system using either wired or wireless transmission methods. Remote meter reading is used for billing purposes, load control, and convenience.
This is a digital meter that can communicate with a computer system through wireless or wired transmission methods. They have a microprocessor that can read data from the meter, which is then transmitted to a central computer system.
Wireless metering system
This is the most common type of meter used today. It can be read remotely and wirelessly by installing an antenna in the neighborhood of the home or business facility where there are many meters and measuring the amount of electricity consumed by each house or business. This allows for energy conservation, load control, energy efficiency, and improved customer service.
This is a meter that can be read by a person. It is then taken to a utility company to process the bill. It can be used in areas where there are not many customers or where the electric company has not installed smart meters, as it allows for bill payment.
Electric meter functionality
Electric meters come with different functionalities that make it possible for the target users to get the data needed. These features and functionalities include;
Measure electric consumption
The most basic function of the meter is to measure the amount of electricity that is consumed by a specific customer. This data can be used to see how much electricity a household or business utilizes on average and can be used as an indicator of how they are using the energy they consume.
The billing functionality of the meter allows users to pay their bills electronically. This makes it possible for users to pay their bills without having to visit a utility company’s office. This saves time and effort as well as reduces risks associated with traveling to an office to pay bills.
This feature allows for the transmission of data from a meter to a central computer system which is then stored in databases, allowing for the creation of reports on electricity consumption. This is useful in helping to determine the efficiency of an individual’s usage patterns and will help to identify areas that need upgrading or repair.
This feature makes it possible for electric meters to be monitored remotely. This allows utility companies, government agencies, and other organizations to make sure that the electric utilities are being used properly at all times, thus preventing theft or damage.
It also helps in ensuring that a given user is not consuming more than his/her allotted amount of electricity and can help in identifying potential problems with consumption patterns.
How does electric meter counter work?
An electric meter counter is a device that is made to detect and record the time of day when an electric meter is being used. This can be done by sensing the current flowing through the electric meter or by detecting the magnetic field created as a result of the meter’s movement.
Where can I install an electric meter?
Electric meters are usually installed in locations where they will be exposed to physical threats such as vandalism and theft. As a result, it is essential that they are monitored on a regular basis in order to make sure that they are working properly and are not being tampered with.
Electric meters can also be installed in locations that are not easily accessible such as:
In a basement crawlspace or attic without access to a power supply
Behind a wall-mounted television and/or other electronic devices
Behind a water heater or other gas-powered appliances that are used infrequently and thus cause no heat to be radiated from the appliance.
Behind a furnace and not within its direct range of radiation
Behind a gate and not accessible to the public
Behind a locked door and not accessible to the public
In a location where it is difficult to see it or tamper with it.
Which electric meter is right for you?
As we have seen, there are different types of electric meters in the market. So which one should I choose?
You can use the following parameters for choosing electric meters.
-Cost: You can choose the cheapest electric meter or use the electric meter that has a lower cost per month.
-Installation: You can choose to have an electric meter that is easy to install. If you have extra time, you can do it yourself.
-Voltage: You can choose to install a voltage specific electric meter. Or you can purchase an electric meter with a voltage of 220/240V and install it in your home.
-Location: You can also choose to have an electric meter that is easy to locate and which will not cause any inconvenience in your home.
-Adjustable reading: Some electric meters are adjustable for reading the current or usage levels of your appliances. This is important because if the reading is inaccurate, you may have a problem with your electric bill.
-Reading of the meter: You can also choose to have an electric meter that displays the current and usage levels of your appliances. This is important because if the reading is inaccurate, you may have a problem with your electric bill.
-Safety: You can choose to have an electric meter that has safety features that protect it from tampering and overloading.
-Energy savings: If you are looking for an electric meter that will help save energy, then you should choose one that has features like the following:
Who owns an electric meter?
-The electric meter belongs to the utility company.
-The electric meter belongs to the customer.
-Both the utility company and the customer own the electric meter.
How is an electric meter installed?
An electric meter is installed in your home by a licensed electrician or home inspector. The electrician will need to read your existing electrical system and determine what type of electrical service you have, such as whether you are connected to a public utility grid or if you have a private generator.
After this, he or she will install an electrical connection box on your electrical panel or fuse box that will be used for reading your electricity usage levels. He or she will also install an electrical connection box outside of your home that will be used for reading your electricity usage levels. This box will be connected to the electric meter inside of your home.
Then, the electrician will connect the cable coming from the outside of your home to the electric meter.
Finally, he or she will install a switch that will allow you to turn off and on the electricity at your home and read the electricity usage levels throughout your home.
You can also have an electric meter installed by yourself as long as you do not tamper with it in any way. You can find more information about this online if you wish to do so.
I hope you have learned the essentials of an electric meter. I also hope that you have found this article helpful. If you would like to find more information or even buy electric meters, consider contacting ICRFQ. We are a sourcing agent for electric meters in China.