Last Updated on October 22, 2023 by Kevin Chen
Image Source: Unsplash
However, when it comes to building circuits, integrated circuits (ICs) with their discrete components connected within the same package are preferred over diodes and transistors.
Can you guess why?
Well both the devices come with pros and cons.
Probably integrated circuits have more advantages that outweigh those of diodes and transistors.
Read on to find out why that is and what the pros and cons of each device are.
At the end of it, you will know why ICs are preferred to transistors and diodes.
Integrated circuits are smaller than diodes and transistors
One of the major advantages of using integrated circuits over diodes and transistors is its size.
A typical IC is smaller in size than a diode or a transistor.
This makes them ideal for use in small devices such as microcontrollers, microprocessors, sensors, and other devices.
If the same application was built using diodes and transistors, it would take up more space and be cumbersome.
Diodes and transistors are bulky in size and cannot be used in small devices.
Their size does not allow any space for other components to be built inside the device.
This is where integrated circuits come into play as they are smaller in size.
Integrated circuits are lighter than diodes and transistors
Integrated circuits are lighter than diodes and transistors meaning they are easier to transport from one place to another.
If the same application was built using diodes and transistors, it would take up more space and be difficult to transport.
This is because diodes and transistors are heavier than integrated circuits.
They have more components inside them which make them bulkier and heavier than ICs.
This makes it difficult to transport such devices from place to place.
The lightweight nature of integrated circuits makes them ideal for use in those weight-sensitive electronic products.
Using integrated circuits is cheaper to construct than diodes and transistors
The costs of the components in a circuit are an important factor when deciding which circuit to use.
If the circuit cost is high, it might not be feasible for certain electricity usage or product pricing. If the circuit cost is low, it might be viable for electricity usage and product pricing.
Integrated circuits are cheaper to construct than diodes and transistors. This is because there are fewer components inside the IC.
They have discrete components inside them, whereas diodes and transistors have discrete components integrated within them.
This makes ICs cheaper than diodes and transistors.
Moreover, ICs are available in a wide range of models at different prices.
This means that ICs can be chosen based on their cost.
Diodes and transistors, on the other hand, are available in a limited number of models.
They are not available in a wide range of cost options, making it harder to choose the right one.
It is easier to maintain ICs than diodes and transistors
Compared to diodes and transistors, ICs are much easier to maintain.
This is because transistors and diodes have a limited life span.
They are expected to last for a certain number of years, after which they will stop working.
This means that after some time, the device built using transistors and diodes will either break down or need to be replaced.
The device built using ICs, on the other hand, does not break down or get faulty with time.
There are some ICs that are expected to last for a longer period of time compared to transistors and diodes.
However, this number will vary based on the model of the integrated circuit and manufacturer.
Integrated circuits offer more flexibility than diodes and transistors
Flexibility is another key factor to consider when it comes to designing and deploying electronic components.
You will strive to get the most flexible component.
The components inside ICs can be modified or replaced as and when required.
This provides better flexibility to use the circuit in various applications. However, if the same application was built using transistors and diodes, it would be difficult to change the components or replace them.
This is because the components inside transistors and diodes cannot be replaced or modified.
They are permanent components and cannot be changed. If the same circuit is built using a different model of the integrated circuit, it is easy to do so.
The new model of IC has a different pinout and structure from the old one. This makes it easier to change the IC model.
Moreover, the same circuit can be built using ICs with different model numbers.
This means that the circuit can be used for a different application.
Integrated circuits consume lesser power than diodes and transistors
Another advantage of using integrated circuits over diodes and transistors is that they consume less power.
This is because they have fewer components inside them, unlike transistors and diodes.
This means that the circuit built using integrated circuits will consume less power and be more efficient than the one built using diodes and transistors.
This is important in applications where the circuit must function without consuming too much power.
For instance, if the circuit is used in a remote-controlled car, it must be energy efficient so that the car can run for longer without its battery getting drained.
Integrated circuits make the circuit more energy-efficient as they have fewer components inside them and consume less power.
Integrated circuits offer better performance than diodes and transistors
The comparison cannot be complete without analyzing the performance aspect of these two electronic components.
Transistors are definitely better performers than diodes and transistors.
In fact, circuits built using ICs perform better.
This is because integrated circuits have fewer components inside them, whereas transistors and diodes have more components.
So, how does the performance aspect come in?
This means that the circuit built using ICs has fewer components that might cause interference with the circuit.
The fewer components in the circuit mean that they provide less interference and make the circuit perform better. This is important in applications where the circuit must function without any interference.
Another reason for better performance is the fact that ICs are designed to perform specific tasks.
They are designed for certain applications, so they are better at doing their job than other components.
For example, a transistor will be specifically designed to work in particular medical equipment.
This is unlike diodes and transistors which are usually manufacturers for general purpose use before they are put in circuits.
More capable to operate under extreme temperatures
Integrated circuits are designed and manufactured to be used in extreme temperature conditions.
Integrated circuits can be used in applications where the temperature can go from -40 to 85 degrees Celsius.
They are also used in applications where the temperature changes very quickly, like in industrial machines.
Integrated circuits are also designed to have stable performance even when they operate at high temperatures. They have also been designed to withstand high voltages and currents, as well as electromagnetic interference.
This is another aspect of ICs that makes them more effective than diodes and transistors.
The ability of ICs to be able to withstand extreme temperatures makes them ideal for use in space exploration and aerospace applications.
More reliable than diodes and transistors
Reliability, in this context, refers to the ability to operate smoothly without breaking down.
One of the reasons why ICs are more reliable is the way the individual components have been interconnected, and also how it is joined to the circuit.
Integrated circuits don’t have numerous soldered joints. Also, it does not have many components hence fewer interconnections.
Keep in mind that the more components, the higher the chances of a breakdown.
Disadvantages of using ICs over diodes and transistors
While integrated circuits have many advantages over diodes and transistors, they also have a few disadvantages. These disadvantages must be considered before deciding if the circuit should be built using ICs. This will help in choosing the best circuit for the application. The first disadvantage of using integrated circuits is their cost. This is because ICs are expensive and cost more than diodes and transistors.
This could be an issue if the circuit must be built within a limited budget.
However, you can get better prices if you are careful when it comes to choosing the manufacturer or supplier.
Choose a reliable integrated circuit manufacturer in China
You can get the full benefits that integrated offers by buying from a reliable source.
Choose a reputable integrated circuits manufacturer and supplier in China.
Even if you choose to use diodes and transistors, you should still buy from reputable sources.
And this is where ICRFQ comes in.
We are a reputable sourcing agent for electronic components in China.
We will connect you to the best manufacturers and suppliers of ICs, diodes, and transistors.
Integrated circuits are used to build circuits of varying complexity and size.
They have several advantages over diodes and transistors. However, they come at a higher price and take time to make changes to the circuit.
For this reason, it is important to consider these aspects when deciding whether to use an integrated circuit or a diode or a transistor.
By understanding the advantages and disadvantages of each device, you will be able to make an informed decision on which circuit to use for your next project.
Whether you are buying integrated circuits, diodes or transistors, ensure that you get good quality ones.
Choosing a good manufacturer will ensure you achieve this.
If you want to find more Electronic Components Distributors, please check out the following articles:
- Everything You Need to Know About 555 Timer IC - December 4, 2023
- The Role of Electronic Distributors in the Evolution of Electric Vehicles - December 4, 2023
- IC Chips in IoT: Powering the Internet of Things Revolution - December 4, 2023