Last Updated on October 27, 2023 by Kevin Chen
Image source Freepiks
The aerospace industry encompasses everything in the atmosphere and as well as in outer space. The industry has a wide range of applications, considering that it is used in both military and commercial areas. Some of the tenets of the aerospace industry are aeronautics, avionics, research, production, spaceship production and maintenance, design, astronautics, and many others. It is a capital-intensive industry such that there have been numerous collaborations between government and civilians in order to achieve different goals.
From the elements of aerospace technology that we have just mentioned, there is a heavy presence of the electronics. It is needed for powering spaceships and as well as for office work that is directly or indirectly connected to aerospace activities. And this is where the relevance of transistors comes in.
The core purpose of this article is to discuss the impact of transistors in the aerospace industry.
Overview of transistors in the aerospace industry
Transistors are part and parcel of the modern electronics. Take any electronic device in the aerospace industry, no matter how simple the device is, chances are it has thousands of transistors. In most applications, transistors are embedded in integrated circuits (ICs) or chips. They work with other discrete electronic components to achieve a particular goal in an electronic device or system.
What makes transistors so important in aerospace? To answer this, you have to know the two basic functions of transistors in electric circuits. They are used for the amplification and switches. Amplification refers to the ability of transistors to raise the power of the signals. If the incoming signals have a low frequency, amplitude, or even power, a transistor will amplify them so that the output signals get higher values. This is important for various reasons. For example, if the output current is required to run a demanding device yet the input current is weak. The easiest way to get a higher output current is through amplification.
Switching is another key reason why transistors are used in the aerospace industry. With this property, transistors are capable of changing the states of electric circuits. If a circuit is off, the transistor will turn it On and the reverse is true. The switching functionality is important when performing logical operations in the aerospace industry.
Combined with many other properties, it is easy to tell why transistors are very relevant in the aerospace industry. For example, their miniature design makes it easy to be incorporated into various aerospace-related applications.
Applications of transistors in the aerospace industry
To understand how transistors have affected the aerospace industry, let’s look at some of the application areas of these discrete electronic components in the industry.
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Aerospace is synonymous with the satellite systems. These are the main communication medium in the space industry. A satellite system is powered by electric energy and also comprises other electronic components that facilitate smooth data exchange between different elements of the aerospace industry.
Where are transistors used in satellite systems? The most basic application is in the power management of the satellite. Transistors control the flow of electric current in the satellite power supply subsystem.
The operation of a satellite system is characterized by high data flow. Transistors come in handy in controlling and managing data in the satellite systems. They amplify the data that is transmitted to and from the satellite systems. Do you know that satellite systems have sensors? Well, the working mechanism of electric sensors is powered by transistors.
Power management in the aerospace industry
All the elements that make up the aerospace industry need power, whether it is the spaceship or the research labs and centers. Proper power management measures should be put in place to ensure that each device functions not only perfectly but also safely.
Energy management in aerospace is crucial in ensuring that spaceships not only travel to space but also are able to stay for long without depleting their stored energy. The use of transistors has also paved the way for the invention of energy-saving systems in the aerospace industry.
Transistors in avionics
The avionics technology covers all the electronic equipment that is used in different fields of the aerospace industry. This electronic equipment includes radios, navigation systems, command systems, drive trains, and power systems among others. Avionics play various roles in the aerospace systems including executing space missions, conducting discoveries, monitoring situations, and tracking the performance of different systems.
Given that avionics is all about electric energy, it is quite obvious that they are fully dependent on the transistors. Navigation systems and critical components of the avionics are built using transistors and other components. The use of transistors has enhanced the reliability of the navigation system.
Enhanced communication in the aerospace industry
Transistors are synonymous with communication devices. They are widely used in the modern communication systems. The same applies to the aerospace industry. The most important role of transistors in communication systems is signal amplification. Amplified signals are able to be transmitted through space.
Still in communication, transistors are used for modulation and demodulation of signals. These two are among the many other signal-processing capabilities of transistors.
Communication affects all the facets of the aerospace industry. Even on the ground, it enhances collaboration in the research and development of critical products that are used in the aerospace.
In recent years investment into the space industry has been on an upward trajectory. A reliable data source revealed that the global space economy is expected to go beyond 1$ trillion by the year 2040. These figures cover all types of space activities, including the office-related tasks such as research and coordination.
Transistors are at the center of all these developments and are expected to define the future of the aerospace industry. So, if you are working on a project that will be part of the aerospace industry, it will be prudent to ensure that you have the right transistors for the job. The first step in achieving this is to choose reputable transistor suppliers and distributors in China.
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