Part Number: STM32F427ZIT6

Manufacturer: STMicroelectronics

Description: IC MCU 32BIT 2MB FLASH 144LQFP

Shipped from: Shenzhen/HK Warehouse

Stock Available: Check with us

Technical Specifications of STM32F427ZIT6

Datasheet  STM32F427ZIT6 datasheet
Category Integrated Circuits (ICs)
Family Embedded – Microcontrollers
Manufacturer STMicroelectronics
Series STM32 F4
Packaging Tray
Part Status Active
Core Processor ARM? Cortex?-M4
Core Size 32-Bit
Speed 180MHz
Peripherals Brown-out Detect/Reset, DMA, I2S, POR, PWM, WDT
Number of I/O 114
Program Memory Size 2MB (2M x 8)
Program Memory Type FLASH
RAM Size 256K x 8
Voltage – Supply (Vcc/Vdd) 1.8 V ~ 3.6 V
Data Converters A/D 24x12b, D/A 2x12b
Oscillator Type Internal
Operating Temperature -40°C ~ 85°C (TA)
Package / Case 144-LQFP
Supplier Device Package *


The STM32F427ZIT6 is a powerful microcontroller based on the ARM Cortex-M4 architecture. It offers a wide range of features and capabilities, making it suitable for various embedded systems and IoT applications. This comprehensive guide aims to provide you with a detailed overview of the STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller, its specifications, key features, and programming guidelines.

Overview of the STM32F427ZIT6

Introduction to ARM Cortex-M4 Architecture: The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller is based on the ARM Cortex-M4 processor core. The Cortex-M4 is a 32-bit embedded processor architecture designed specifically for microcontroller applications. It offers a powerful and efficient processing unit with a high level of performance and low power consumption.

The Cortex-M4 architecture includes features such as a Harvard architecture with separate instruction and data buses, a 3-stage pipeline, a floating-point unit (FPU), and a nested vectored interrupt controller (NVIC). These features contribute to the microcontroller’s ability to handle real-time operations, digital signal processing, and complex control algorithms.

Key Features and Specifications

The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller incorporates a range of features and specifications that make it suitable for a wide range of applications. Some of the key features include:

  • Processor: ARM Cortex-M4 core running at up to 180MHz.
  • Flash Memory: 2MB (2M x 8) of onboard flash memory for program storage.
  • SRAM: 256KB of SRAM for data storage and stack usage.
  • Floating-Point Unit (FPU): Integrated single-precision FPU for enhanced mathematical and DSP operations.
  • Connectivity: Multiple communication interfaces including UART, SPI, I2C, USB, Ethernet, and CAN.
  • Timers: Advanced timer units for precise timing control and PWM generation.
  • Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC): High-resolution ADC with multiple channels for accurate analog signal acquisition.
  • DMA (Direct Memory Access): Efficient data transfer capabilities with DMA channels.
  • External Memory Interface: Support for external memories such as SDRAM, SRAM, and Flash.
  • Security: Built-in security features like hardware encryption and memory protection units.
  • Operating Voltage: Typically operates at 1.8V to 3.6V.

These specifications provide a solid foundation for developing complex applications requiring high processing power, connectivity, and control capabilities.

Pinout and Package Options

The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller is available in different package options, each offering a specific pinout configuration and physical form factor. The most common package for this microcontroller is the LQFP (Low Profile Quad Flat Package). The pinout and package options may vary, but here is an example of the pinout for the LQFP144 package:

  • GPIO Pins: Multiple general-purpose I/O pins for digital input/output operations.
  • Communication Interfaces: UART, SPI, I2C, USB, Ethernet, and CAN interfaces with dedicated pins.
  • Analog Inputs: Pins dedicated to analog input channels for ADC operations.
  • Power Pins: VDD, VSS, and VBAT pins for power supply connections.
  • Debug and Programming: SWD (Serial Wire Debug) pins for debugging and programming the microcontroller.

Core Peripherals and Features

GPIO (General-Purpose Input/Output)

The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller provides a set of GPIO pins that can be configured as general-purpose input or output. These pins allow you to interface with external devices and control various signals. Key features of GPIO include:

  • Configurable input/output modes: Each GPIO pin can be individually configured as input, output, or alternate function mode.
  • Input modes: GPIO pins can be configured with pull-up, pull-down, or floating input modes.
  • Output modes: GPIO pins can be configured as push-pull or open-drain outputs.
  • GPIO port operations: You can read input values, write output values, and configure pin states and properties for a specific GPIO port.

Timers and PWM

The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller includes advanced timer units that provide precise timing control and support Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) generation. Key features include:

  • Multiple timer units: The microcontroller has multiple timer units, each with its own set of channels and features.
  • Timer modes: Timers can operate in various modes, including basic timebase generation, input capture, output compare, and PWM generation.
  • PWM generation: Timers can generate PWM signals with adjustable duty cycle and frequency, making them suitable for motor control, LED dimming, and other applications requiring precise control of analog signals.

Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC)

The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller integrates a high-resolution Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) module. This module allows you to sample and convert analog signals into digital values for processing. Key features of the ADC include:

  • Multiple channels: The ADC module supports multiple input channels for simultaneous or sequential conversion.
  • Resolution and sampling rate: The ADC provides selectable resolution and sampling rates to suit the application requirements.
  • DMA support: The ADC can be configured to perform conversions using Direct Memory Access (DMA), reducing CPU overhead.

Serial Communication Interfaces (UART, SPI, I2C)

The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller supports various serial communication interfaces, enabling communication with other devices. Key interfaces include:

  • UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter): Allows asynchronous serial communication using start, data, parity, and stop bits. It is commonly used for point-to-point communication.
  • SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface): Supports full-duplex synchronous serial communication with multiple devices using a master-slave configuration. It is suitable for high-speed data transfer and device control.
  • I2C (Inter-Integrated Circuit): Enables communication with multiple devices on a shared bus using a master-slave configuration. It is widely used for low-speed device control and sensor interfacing.

These interfaces provide flexible options for connecting and communicating with external devices such as sensors, displays, and other microcontrollers.

DMA (Direct Memory Access)

The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller incorporates a Direct Memory Access (DMA) controller, which enables efficient data transfer between peripherals and memory without CPU intervention. Key features of DMA include:

  • Multiple channels: The DMA controller provides multiple channels that can be independently configured for data transfer between peripherals and memory.
  • Transfer modes: DMA supports various transfer modes, including memory-to-memory, peripheral-to-memory, and memory-to-peripheral transfers.
  • Burst mode: Burst mode allows transferring multiple data items in a single operation, enhancing data transfer efficiency.

Using DMA can offload CPU overhead and improve overall system performance, particularly in scenarios where high-speed data transfer is required.

Interrupts and NVIC (Nested Vector Interrupt Controller)

The STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller features a Nested Vector Interrupt Controller (NVIC), which manages interrupts generated by various peripherals. Key features of interrupts and the NVIC include:

  • Interrupt sources: Peripherals such as timers, UART, SPI, and GPIOs can generate interrupts to notify the CPU of events or data availability.
  • Interrupt priority: Each interrupt source can be assigned a priority level to determine the order in which interrupts are serviced.
  • Interrupt handlers: Interrupt handlers are functions that execute in response to an interrupt, allowing you to handle specific events or data.

The NVIC manages interrupt requests and prioritizes them based on their priority levels, ensuring efficient handling of interrupts within the microcontroller.

These core peripherals and features of the STM32F427ZIT6 microcontroller provide essential capabilities for interacting with the external environment, controlling timing, processing analog signals, communicating with other devices, optimizing data transfer, and managing interrupts effectively.

Final Thoughts

The STM32F427ZIT6 is a highly versatile microcontroller, boasting exceptional performance, robust peripheral support, and a host of rich features tailored for a diverse range of embedded applications. By immersing yourself in this comprehensive guide, you will acquire an in-depth understanding of the STM32F427ZIT6, empowering you to effectively develop projects and harness its full potential.

To delve deeper into the world of STM32F427ZIT6 and place an order, connect with us at ICRFQ, a renowned electronic component distributor based in China. Our expertise and reliable services will ensure a seamless experience in procuring the STM32F427ZIT6 for your development needs. Take the next step in unleashing the power of the STM32F427ZIT6 by reaching out to us at ICRFQ today.

4.8/5 - (397 votes)
Kevin Chen